1. Does Congress have authority under the Commerce Clause to require private citizens to purchase and maintain “minimum essential” healthcare insurance coverage under penalty of federal law?
2. Is the individual mandate provision of the Act unconstitutional as applied to Petitioners who are without healthcare insurance?This is technically the third ACA-related petition to reach the Court. But the two prior petitions (those in Baldwin v. Sebelius and Virginia v. Sebelius)--both of which were denied--were petitions before judgment. This is the first to reach the Court, obviously, after a decision from the Court of Appeals.
You can access the petition here.